The Agreement Between A Lord And His Vassal

Heiot – A duty of death to the Lord; in the case of a Villeinsur a mansion, usually the best animal. The handing over of the best living animal or dead cats of a deceased tenant, which owes to the Lord of which he was the master. Commune Concilium – Norman equivalent of Anglo-Saxon Witan. The decision to decide, whether it was a judicial or military decision, was binding on the vassals. The basis of the feudal system was the oath of loyalty or the “feudal contract.” This oath defined the roles and responsibilities to be played for both the lower and the superior masters. For example: The vassals were necessary: 1). Serve personally in the Lord`s army. 2). Make soldiers available to the Lord`s army. 3). Pay taxes to the Lord. 4). Be obedient, faithful and faithful to the Lord.

Many of the negative components of manorialism and feudalism in general revolve around the Serf`s bondage, lack of social mobility and its weak position in the social hierarchy. A Serf, however, had certain freedoms in his constraints. Although the general wisdom is that a serf possessed “only his belly” – even his clothes were the property of his master – he could still accumulate personal property and wealth, and some serfs became richer than their free neighbors, although this was rarely the case. A rich serf might even buy his freedom. A serf could grow the crops he thought were good on his land, whereas a serf`s taxes often had to be paid in wheat. He would sell the surplus crops on the market. Bitterly – Payment to the Lord of the Court by a person found guilty of a fault for having the Lord`s mercy. The equivalent of a fine in a modern dish. The crises caused by the Great Famine and the Black Death between 1290 and 1348, as well as the epidemics that followed, posed many challenges to the English economy. The peasant uprising of 1381 had various causes, including the socio-economic and political tensions caused by the black death in the 1340s, the high taxes generated by the conflict with France during the Hundred Years War and the instability among local leaders in London. Chevage – An annual tax on surveys levied by the master of a mansion either on immigrant workers or on Villeins who can live from the mansion or both.

Before feudalism, the European population was made up of only nobility and poor peasants. There was little incentive for personal loyalty to sovereignists. The land belonged to the nobility, and those who took the land for masters considered it exclusively according to the will of the lords.