Which Agreement Gave Spain Most Of North America And

When Spain went to war, Britain also went on the offensive in the Caribbean and planned an expedition against Spanish Nicaragua. A British attempt to establish a settlement at San Fernando de Omoa was rejected in October 1779, and an expedition in 1780 against Fort San Juan in Nicaragua was initially successful, but yellow fever and other tropical diseases destroyed most of the troop, which then withdrew and returned to Jamaica. The Anglo-French hostilities ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris, which included a complex series of land exchanges, the main one being the transfer of France to Spain from Louisiana and the United Kingdom to the rest of New France, with the exception of the islands of Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon. Faced with the choice to reclaim New France or its Caribbean island colonies, Guadeloupe and Martinique, France opted for the latter to keep these lucrative sources of sugar and abolished New France as an unproductive and expensive territory. France`s participation was decisive for the British defeat. Spain`s contribution was also important. [26] By allying with foreign monarchies, the United States took advantage of the power struggles within European imperialism and essentially formed a united front against Britain. The new nation sought to spread the republican that could threaten the Spanish colonies, and did so later in the Wars of Independence of Latin America. Nevertheless, Spain supported its geopolitical interests throughout the war. Historian Thomas A.

Bailey says about Spain: on June 7, 1494, the Spanish and Portuguese governments approved the Treaty of Tordesillas, named after the Spanish city where it was founded. The Treaty of Tordesillas included America`s “New World” between the two superpowers. Spain and Portugal divided the New World by controlling a north-south line of delimitation in the Atlantic Ocean, about 100 leagues (555 kilometers or 345 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, off Northwest Africa and then Portugal. All countries east of this line (about 46 degrees, 37 minutes to the west) have been claimed by Portugal. All the countries west of this line have been claimed by Spain. Spain and Portugal complied with the treaty without major conflict between the two, although the demarcation line was moved by an additional 270 leagues (about 1500 kilometers, or 932 miles) further west in 1506, allowing Portugal to claim the east coast of present-day Brazil.